One-Point Perspective

Art 101 Week 2

One point perspective is a genre of drawing that uses a single vanishing point in the distance from which everything in the drawing is set out, which, as a result, creates an illusion of depth. Below are some examples of one-point perspective drawings. 


















Before we begin drawing, here are some vocabulary terms that are frequently used (and will be used in the following tutorial) in describing a one-point perspective drawing.


  • Parallel: Parallel lines are lines that never touch, even if they are extended indefinitely

  • Perpendicular: Perpendicular lines meet at a right angle (90º angle)

  • Horizontal Lines: Horizontal lines are parallel to the top and bottom edges of your paper; they are perpendicular to the left and right edges of your paper

  • Vertical Lines: Vertical lines are parallel to the left and right edges of your paper; they are perpendicular to the top and bottom edges of your paper

  • Slanted Lines: Slanted lines are neither vertical nor horizontal, but rather diagonal at any other angle

  • Horizon Line: The horizon line is a type of horizontal line that represents the viewer’s eye-level

  • Perspective Lines (or Orthogonal Lines): The lines that are parallel in real life but meet at one point in a one-point perspective drawing

  • Vanishing Point: A point on the horizon line where all perspective lines meet 

  • Plane: A flat, two-dimensional surface; a cube, for instance, has 6 planes


Let’s practice drawing a few cubes in one-point perspective:



Once you’re comfortable with your finished product, you can practice drawing a bit more complex blocks. Follow the guide below for help:





Getting the hang of it? Now pick a room, street, or picture of either, and draw it in one-point perspective. If you don’t have a ruler at hand or having trouble with the drawing, below is a grid that you can place your paper over to guide you. 



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